Origin of the Issue
Pigmentation disorders like dark spots are not always related to age. Oxidative stress and subsequent chronic inflammation play a significant role in causing dark spots in skin through processes such as excess melanin production.
- Excessive sun exposure: Repeated and unprotected sun exposure leads to excess melanin production, resulting in dark spots on the skin, particularly in exposed areas like the face, hands, and shoulders.
- Skin aging: Free radicals produced by UV rays and pollution cause oxidative stress, accelerating skin aging and melanogenesis, leading to age spots or solar lentigo.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: Damaged skin from burns, insect bites, or acne may become more fragile and sensitive to UV rays, increasing the risk of developing dark spots.
- Aggressive skincare habits: Over-cleansing, frequent scrubbing, or using photosensitizing products can weaken the skin barrier, reducing protection against the sun and causing dark spots.
- Hormonal variations: Pregnancy, menopause, and certain treatments can unbalance melanin synthesis, resulting in pigmentary phenomena like melasma, chloasma, or pregnancy mask.
Who is Most Affected?
Individuals with fair skin, a history of excessive sun exposure, or hormonal imbalances are more prone to developing dark spots on the face.
Prevention & Solutions with Tips
- Limit sun exposure and wear sunscreen daily.
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle to minimize oxidative stress.
- Choose gentle, non-aggressive skincare products suited to your skin type.
- Consult a dermatologist for personalized advice and treatment options.
Tests & Results
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